I Give Up: Extroverted Barbarians at the Gates

Someone sent me a link to the video shown after this paragraph the other day, and I watched it. I then tweeted the link and sent it to a few of my coworkers because I figured it would make people laugh. It’s really funny, so give it a watch. But weirdly, I didn’t laugh. I watched it over and over again, mesmerized. I recognize that it’s funny and I find it funny, but I didn’t laugh.

This video is really a work of genius because it captures some incredible subtleties. There are two common archetypes captured nicely here in the form of the protagonist’s supposed allies: his boss and the project manager. I’ll give them names in their own sections below, along with the client characters. And then there are conversational tactics that bear mentioning.

This all revolves around a protagonist with whom any introverted person can identify. There’s nothing to indicate, per se, whether he’s introverted or extroverted, but the precision, the mannerisms, the posture — all of these scream “programmer” (or at least “engineer”) and so goes the association with introversion. The protagonist is the sole bulwark of sanity against a flood of idiocy, misunderstanding and general incompetence. You probably relate to him, having attended a meeting where all of the gathered C-levels and analysts thought you were being an obstructionist malingerer because you wouldn’t install Angry Birds on the meeting room’s television.

So who are the players?

Chamberlain

In a way, I liken the smarmy project manager, Walter, to former British prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, most remembered for his foreign policy of appeasement leading up to World War II in which he sought to dampen the aggression coming from the Axis powers by essentially “befriending” them. In this particular video, Chamberlain, the project manager, is presumably along to bridge the gap between the non-subject-matter-expert customers and the total-subject-matter-expert protagonist (and whose expertise makes the video eponymous). That’s not really why he’s there (though he doesn’t realize this), and I’ll get into that later as I’m describing tactics.

Chamberlain perceives that his best interests are served by simply agreeing to whatever is happening on the other side of the aisle, improvident though this may be. On some level, he’s probably aware that this strategy is stupid, but, hey, that’s a problem for later. He thinks his boss will skewer him if they don’t get the contract, so the fact that it’s going to be hard or impossible to deliver (what Expert is trying to tell him) just means he’ll later throw someone (i.e., Expert) under the bus.

Dilettante

The “design specialist,” Justine, is a mildly interesting character. She generally looks at Expert with some degree of respect and looks slightly uncomfortable when the rest of the characters make fun of Expert. At one point, to Expert’s delight, she even understands his point, and she visits him after the meeting out of genuine interest in the project and what is probably a “one pro to another” kind of overture. She’s the only character in the room that sees any value in Expert, and she probably recognizes that his subject matter knowledge exceeds hers and has value. If it were just her and Expert, she would probably listen attentively. I call her Dilettante because she seems to be the type of person you encounter with a bit of knowledge in a variety of fields and a genuine interest in improving.

Buffoon

The client’s boss is a classic MacLeod Clueless, and a simple idiot that isn’t very interesting. She’s the classic archetype of an over-promoted middle manager whose value is clearly wrapped up in company tenure. She spouts nonsensical jargon, torpedoes her firm’s own interests throughout the meeting, and serves up her position and her firm’s money for easy pickings by any MacLeod sociopath that happens along. She’s demanding something that she doesn’t understand in a way that makes no sense, and she’s willing to pay any huckster that comes along and sells her the magic beans she’s seeking.

Buffoon

Sociopath

Big Boss Man, to whom Chamberlain reports, is a classic MacLeod Sociopath. He likely has a fairly good handle on the situation and is of the opinion that the clients are idiots, but he has an intuitive understanding of the politics of the situation. Expert is flummoxed by the stupidity of the client proposal, and Chamberlain is simpering in an effort to show his boss his value as a diplomat, believing that the customer is always right and believing that Sociopath also believes that. Sociopath doesn’t. He knows the clients are idiots, and that Chamberlain is also kind of an idiot (for evidence of this, look at his expression at 6:14 where he clearly thinks the discussion of cats and birds as lines is dumb and simply ignores the client).

This doesn’t result in him rushing into defend Expert, however. That’s counter to his best interests, which I’ll address as a tactic, but he also finds Expert somewhat distasteful. Sociopath has navigated his way ably to money and power and a position atop the corporate hierarchy, but it is probably a slight annoyance to him that he may not be the smartest guy in the room. He knows that in Expert’s area of expertise, he’s nowhere near Expert, and while that’s fine, his inability to compare their relative intellectual worth across subject areas is a source of irritation.

Tactical Gamesmanship

So, the ostensible point of this meeting and no doubt many in which you’ve sat is to define the parameters for a project and then successfully launch that project. But, if you were to read the subconscious goals of the players, they would go something like this:

  • Chamberlain: I want to get the client to sign off no matter what, and I want Sociopath to think it was my heroics that made this happen.
  • Buffoon: I want to order people around and show off.
  • Sociopath: I want this to be over quickly so I don’t have to listen to Buffoon and Chamberlain.
  • Dilettante: I want to learn on the job without it being apparent that I’m doing so.
  • Expert: I want to define parameters for this project and successfully launch it.

Sociopath knows that getting Buffoon to agree to the project is a veritable certainty going into the meeting, and he knows that Chamberlain’s presence is valuable, but not for the reasons that Chamberlain thinks. Chamberlain thinks he’s there because he’s a “straight shooter/smooth talker” that “speaks Expert” but Sociopath just wants him there because he understands how to butter Buffoon’s bread — by causing Buffoon to think she’s won an exchange and humbled an Expert. He’s there because Sociopath knows he’ll team up with Buffoon to laugh at Expert. Dilettante is just window dressing.

So what are the tactics by which this happens? What makes this so cathartic for engineers and programmers to watch? Well, there are a number of things occurring here.

Seizing on the only part of an explanation you understand

There’s nothing to level the playing field quite like ignoring most of what someone talking to you says and seizing on some minor point. This has two advantageous for purveyors of rhetorical fallacy. First and foremost, it lets you pivot the discussion in a way that you find favorable, but secondly, it implies that your opponent has babbled on and on and over-complicated the matter (ala Reagan countering Carter — folksy and relatable countering egg-head). Near the beginning, Expert gives a detailed explanation, avoiding saying that it would be impossible to draw red line with green ink by talking about color blindness. It’s a long-winded, but technically accurate way of saying “that’s pretty much impossible,” and all Buffoon takes away from it is “so, in principle this is possible.”

Talking down to the expert because you don’t understand

When Expert asks Buffoon to clarify what she’s talking about with “transparent ink,” she patronizingly says she thought that he’d know what “transparent” means and that he’d better know what “red” means if he’s an Expert. A little later, she doesn’t understand what perpendicular means and when Expert accidentally exposes that, she blames him for not understanding her nonsense. It’s a relatively standard approach to strike first in blaming the other for a miscommunication between two parties, but it’s especially vitriolic in a case where the party in the driver’s seat is covering inadequacy.

Begging the question (and perverting the role of experts)

I’ve encountered this myself, in my travels, and it’s certainly on display here. People assume (from ignorance) that a certain outcome is possible/feasible, and then seek out an expert to make it happen. When the expert explains that they’re misguided or trying to do something ill-advised or impossible, they adopt the stance, “I thought you were an expert, and you’re telling me you can’t do this?” Chamberlain does this throughout the clip.

Dunning Kruger

This mostly comes from Sociopath and somewhat for show, but this is the tendency of those unskilled in a subject to assume that the subject is pretty simple and to generally devalue the knowledge of experts in that field. As more knowledge is acquired, so is respect for experts and humility. Sociopath dresses Expert down, particularly at the point where he says, “look, we’re not asking you to draw 20 lines — just 7.” Buffoon also does this once when she draws a triangle as an example of three perpendicular lines (“move — let me do it!”) Being the only Expert here and thoroughly outgunned and unaware of the real agenda, Expert is absolutely buried in an amplified echo chamber of Dunning Kruger.

Expert Introverts

These players and these tactics are painfully relatable. People in our line of work look at this ruefully and laugh because someone finally gets it and understands how silly the players seem to them. But introversion, lack of interest in office politics, and professional integrity are what hamstring us in such situations. I mean think of it this way — you cringe because you’re right there along with Expert, wanting these idiots to understand that red pens don’t draw green lines. You want to speak rationally to them and use analogies, diagrams and metaphors to make them see your point.

What you don’t do is turn the Dunning Kruger around on them and start telling them that they’re really going to need pure red lines if they want to maximize their verticals and strategize their synergies. You don’t tell them that kitten lines were so 2011. You don’t interrupt Chamberlain when he says “any fool can criticize” to say that you’re okay with the clients’ criticism and how he dare he call them fools. You don’t ask Chamberlain, if his title is “project manager,” why can’t he “manage” to define a clear spec.

You don’t do any of these things. Neither do I. Neither did Expert. Instead, we all do what he did in the end, which is to say, “sure, whatever buddy, I give up.” Extroverts extemporize and thrive in situations like this fueled with BS and beyond their control (though, Sociopath, who is controlling it, may be an introvert). We find ourselves at a loss for words, and utterly demoralized. Our credentials, our competence, and the validity of our very profession called into question, we bleakly resign ourselves to the madness and go home for a beer. We do that for a while, at least, and then, eventually, we Quit with a capital Q.

Perhaps that’s why I didn’t find myself laughing while watching this. Poor Anderson, the Expert, isn’t having an experience that he’ll submit to the Daily WTF and move on — he’s figuring out that his professional life is miserable. And the reason it’s miserable is because he’s realizing that expertise, ideas and results aren’t really the backbone of good business; in the land of the extroverts, egos and social capital are king.

  • http://www.koenmetsu.com/ Koen Metsu

    Well, now you’ve just made me sad

  • http://celestialmechanics.tumblr.com/ christophe Le Besnerais

    This was painfull to watch …

    About your conclusion, may be I’m a incurable optimist, but I still think that expertise, ideas and results beat egos and social capital in the long term.
    And by long term I mean like a lifetime.

  • Jake Brown

    Using Ribbon farm’s frame, I would think that only Losers can gain Expertise. (worth thinking through more, but if we take that as true for now).

    After becoming an expert, they may choose to become a Sociopath.

    If social capital is currency then it’s risky for a Loser Expert to convert to a Sociopath, mostly because they will lose much of their social capital from fellow Loser Experts in the transition. Further, the boss Sociopath in this scenario takes a risk in bringing along a subordinate Expert Sociopath for fear that the boss will be outclassed.

    The transitioning expert wanting to stay inside an existing organization faces a challenge of hiding their Sociopathic behaviors from the other Experts, who would be aghast at his behavior, and only use it in front of Cluless and Sociopaths… which is a stressful way to live, and would likely cause high rates of burnout). Their pathway for success is to change jobs / go solo. All of these things entail a lot of inertia to overcome, so most Loser Experts become Disillusioned Experts instead.

    ….Off the top of my head, I thought of a few famous Expert Sociopaths. Gates and Zucherberg certainly were, Jobs was (more Expert in design than programming). That’s why Wozniak didn’t own apple. You had 2 Experts working together, and one was a Sociopath. Interestingly, Gates didn’t wind up being evil on the other side of it, and now that he’s not working anymore, really isn’t acting in that role anymore. This is evidence, I think, that he ‘acted’ sociopathic, but was self-aware enough to abandon it at some point.

  • Theodore

    wow, great video, painful to watch. Sounds too familiar.

  • http://www.daedtech.com/blog Erik Dietrich

    There’s certainly good work to be had out there for an Expert — just not at the organization that he’s with right now.

  • http://www.daedtech.com/blog Erik Dietrich

    That’s an interesting philosophical consideration. My conclusion wasn’t meant to say that this is true everywhere, but it’s true in Expert’s world in his current role, and I’ve walked in his shoes. If he goes to work elsewhere, the nature of the game may change.

    The interesting philosophical question that I’d like to ponder is whether, on an infinite timeline, it’s more advantageous to be an excellent creator of value or an excellent navigator of office politics. Off the cuff, I’d say that office politicos have higher peaks and valleys while being a legitimate value creator is a more reliable path to a comfortable life.

  • http://www.daedtech.com/blog Erik Dietrich

    I think that you make a good point about the rise to the top of the loser hierarchy for good line level employees (engineers or whatever). I’ve walked this career route myself and found that being the highest ranking “Expert” can be incredibly frustrating (but only when the people you’re dealing with refuse to accept your recommendations, ala the video).

    If you haven’t seen it, Michael O. Church proposes another path for those with chops and sociopath leanings and calls this Archetype “Technocrat.” It’s an interesting read: http://michaelochurch.wordpress.com/2013/02/19/gervais-principle-questioned-macleods-hierarchy-the-technocrat-and-vc-startups/

  • http://www.daedtech.com/blog Erik Dietrich

    It does generate some wince-inducing empathy. My girlfriend told me that she kept waiting for Expert to “win” and felt tension watching when it just never happened.

  • http://celestialmechanics.tumblr.com/ christophe Le Besnerais

    ha, karma at work, I guess :)

  • http://www.schmonz.com/ Amitai Schlair

    I read this to my girlfriend and we both thought it sounded like my own story and opinions being told back to us. (I had a similar problem with the video: I hope it’ll be funny to me later, but it sure ain’t funny now.) When you’ve described yourself as an introvert, I believe you, and I can see how it serves you to apply the label to yourself; when you describe other characters as one or the other, I have a harder time believing you, and I wonder which definitions you’re using. If it weren’t for the running theme, I’d have been surprised to see the string “extrovert” in this piece. To me, it doesn’t fit in this otherwise keen analysis. IMO, FWIW, YMMV, etc. :-)

  • http://www.daedtech.com/blog Erik Dietrich

    I’m using the same definitions that I have been all along, but mapping the characters’ personalities onto those of people I know and about whom I can make educated guesses based on preferences and behaviors that I observe. I’ve encountered a lot of the Buffoon, Chamberlain, and Dilettante characters in my personal experience that are extroverts. They gravitate toward large meetings as problem-solving tactics, interrupt, dominate conversations, etc. I’ve also found that, generally speaking, extroverts are more prone to bikeshedding and derailing discussions with “gotcha” quibbles.

    But this was mainly about me identifying with the Expert character and projecting my own experience onto the other characters. I can see where that may not jive for anyone but me, so fair enough.

    Incidentally, how’s the pursuit of coaching opportunities going? Drop me an email sometime if you’re so inclined (erik at daedtech). I’d be interested to hear about it because I’m interested in that space myself.

  • Christian Fogel

    Great post to a saddening topic.

  • http://www.daedtech.com/blog Erik Dietrich

    Thanks! I’m glad if you liked, and think that, while this type of exchange may be depressing, it’s probably going to decline in frequency over the course of time.